Local government financial equalisation : information about the equalisation system for Swedish municipalities and county councils in 2008
Municipalties and county councils provide the bulk of our welfare services. They are responsible for schools, health services and various social services. Local government expenditure therefore accounts for a higher share of gdp than in any other country. At the same time, circumstances vary greatly between municipalities, between county councils and between different parts of the country, as do the conditions for fulfilling these tasks. This means that there is a need for financial equalisation concerning both income and structural differences. The purpose is to put all municipalities and county councils on an equal footing for the conduct of their activities. The redistribution of resources through the equalisation system makes it possible to establish more equal conditions for the provision of welfare services. That is the background to the equalisation system. "Local Government Financial Equalisation" provides an overview of the system that came into force on 1 January 2005. This updated edition includes the changes introduced on 1 January 2008.
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